Main information:

Prunn Castle

Chronological table

Picture: Prunn Castle in the Altmühl river valley



First documented mention of a Wernher von Prunn of the Prunn-Laaber family

um 1200

Earliest construction work on Prunn Castle


Wernher VII von Praiteneck sells Prunn Castle to Duke Ludwig of Bavaria for 80 pounds of Regensburg pfennigs and receives it back as a fief.

1338 (?)

Hans I von Fraunberg von Haag buys Prunn Castle.


Hans VII von Fraunberg von Prunn; he held numerous offices, among them Hauptmann zu Regensburg (1439-60), Ducal Administrator of Riedenburg and steward.


The Fraunbergers of Haag are elevated to the status of (Imperial) barons (Reichsfreiherr) by the Emperor; Hans von Prunn also becomes a baron.


Hans transfers ownership of Prunn Castle to his son Sigmund, as his seat.


Sigmund von Prunn is named as heir of the Haag line of the family and of the Imperial fief.


Prunn Castle is damaged in the "Löwlerkrieg" by the troops of Duke Albrecht IV; building measures are then undertaken to repair the structure.


Sigmund dies. In his will he bequeaths his Earldom undivided to his grandsons Ladislaus (1505-1566) and Leonhard († 1541).


Duke Albrecht V receives written confirmation from the Emperor that he would receive the Imperial Earldom of Haag as a fief should Ladislaus die without a legitimate male heir.


Ladislaus dies without an heir; with him ends the House of Fraunberg von Haag zu Prunn.


Prunn Castle falls to Duke Albrecht V of Bavaria.

um 1567

Wiguläus Hund visits Prunn and probably on this occasion discovers one of the oldest manuscripts of the Nibelungenlied, called the "Prunner Codex", which he then gives to Duke Albrecht in 1575.

Digital version of the manuscript on the website of the Bavarian State Library


Duke Albrecht sells Prunn Castle and the lands under its jurisdiction to the ducal councillor Karl Köckh zu Bodenmais und Mauerstetten for 18,000 gulden.



The lands under the jurisdiction of Prunn Castle, now heavily in debt, are bought by Field-Marshall Lieutenant Georg v. Truckmiller.


Purchase of Prunn Castle and lands by Jacob Rassler, Jesuit rector from Ingolstadt, for 31,000 gulden. From 1673 onwards, building work on the roof and the main living quarters.

ab 1700

Alterations to the chapel


The castle is taken over by the Bavarian Langue of the Order of the Knights of St John; it remains in their possession until the order is dissolved (1822).

ab 1823

The castle is under the care of the state.

ab 1826

Restoration measures at the insistence of King Ludwig I.




Earliest still extant plans of the castle


The castle is taken over by the Bavarian Palace Administration; it is then fitted out as a museum and extensive restoration work is carried out on the buildings.


New exhibition: "Burg Prunn und das Nibelungenlied"
("Prunn Castle and the Nibelungenlied")


Picture: Room 10 (Prunn at the heart of minnesinger country)

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